Below you will find some recommendations for places and activities to do during your visit to Iguazú Falls. Don’t forget to have a look at our special section of Iguazú Falls Packages, that can help you planning your perfect trip!
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An Eco–Museum that familiarizes the visitor about the protected hábitat and the biodiversity of the jungle in Iguazú National Park. It’s open till 5 pm and sits 50 m away from the main entrance.
There are two walks available from the Visitors Centre: Sendero Verde and Sendero Macuco.
Sendero Verde: An old 600 m footpath into the forest that allows the visitor to go deep into the heart of the Misione’s vegetation. It takes you also to “Estación Cataratas” and the beginning of the uper and lower walkways, and have no no stairs.
Sendero Macuco and Arrechea Waterfall: it’s the wildest path (7 kilometres for the round-trip), it leads you to the Arrechea Waterfall, less impressive but also less crowded. A good opportunity to spot birds and take a sunny bath. It’s open from 8 am to 3 pm depending on the weather conditions.
From Estación Central (Central Station) you can take the Tren Ecológico (Ecologic Train) and be at Estación Cataratas in 10 min. From here you will be able to take two circuits:
Upper Circuit: This path offers a walk through the upper falls area. It is about 1700 meters long and presents an overall panoramic view, of several waterfalls like El Salto Dos Hermanas and San Martín. There are no stairs and it’s open till 5:20 pm.
Lower Circuit: On this path you will “feel” the spirit of the forest and be really closed to waterfalls. It is a circular path of about 1400 meters that leads to 8 stunning viewpoints.It’s opne till 5:10 pm. From here you can take the “Gran Aventura” tour, a boat that will take you right under the waterfall.
This path of 200 mts (for the round-trip) will take you to three ring-shaped balconies that permit a special view of the colossal “throat”, the culmination of the journey: a giant horseshoe-shaped waterfall of 80 meters (262 feet) high. The last train to Garganta del Diablo Station departs at 4 pm.
Great Adventure: 5 km ride in a special vehicle through the Yacaratia crossing the jungle till Puerto Macuco where you will take a boat and make a 6 km sail through the narrow Iguazú River (including 2 km of rapids!). Prepare to drench getting closer to the San Martín Waterfall, a haunting experience. This is a payed activity and it departs, if you’re interesting on take this tour, please ask any Say Hueque travel advisor.
This viewpoint west of town center stands high above the turbulent reddish-brown confluence of the Iguazú and Paraná rivers, which also form the Triple Frontera, or Tri Border. A mini pale-blue-and-white obelisk reminds you that you’re still in Argentina; across the Iguazú River sits itsBrazilian green-and-yellow equivalent and farther away, across the Paraná, is the third of them, the Paraguay’s obelisk, painted on red, white, and blue like the Paraguayan flag.
Rainforests throughout the world are under threat due to human activity, and Argentina’s are no exception. This unique place aims to both preserve threatened native tree species, and expand visitors’ appreciation of the local ecology.
Designed to ‘capture the conscience of man’ (an aripuca is a trap used by the Guaraní to catch small animals) this interesting structure is made entirely from the timber of 29 different endangered native tree species. While this might sound contradictory, the timber is all salvaged, and the trap itself is a work of art, looking remarkably like a 10m-high (32ft) beaver’s lodge. Tours of the site are designed to raise awareness of forest conservation and to encourage sponsors. Patrons can either adopt a tree for 30 years, or for life, and are encouraged to visit their ‘child’ to check on its progress.
Address: Ruta 12 Km 4 ½, Puerto Iguazú, Misiones / Phone: +54 (03757) 423-488 / email@example.com
Unfortunately, injured and orphaned wildlife seems to be an inevitable consequence of human proximity to the Argentine rainforest. Here, threatened native birds (but also any bird that could be in danger) are given a chance to recover and return to the wild. Species in care at any one time might include macaws, toucans and many different species of parrot and eagle endemic to the area.
As the name suggests, Güirá Oga (the house of birds in Guarani language) is a heaven for native birds. It takes in the wounded, sick, abandoned and threatened, and houses and attempts to recuperate them. Not only is its work worthy, it gives visitors the chance to get close to species they might otherwise not see in the wild. Animals hurt by illegal hunting and trapping, or through car accidents and other human-related mischance, are taken in, assessed, given veterinary treatment and ongoing care, and, condition permitting, returned to the wild.
The center also aims to play an important educational function, raising awareness of the plight of threatened animals and the impact of human activity.
Address: RN 12, Km. 1638, Puerto Iguazú, 3370 / Phone: +54 (3757) 423-980.
It’s open from 9:30 am to 6 pm.
This is a family proyect made at their house garden. You can spend a couple of hours watching more than 20 species of native hummingbirds all year round. They are totally free, and they get very close to you! So take your camera and shoot. You must pay an admission fee, and you can stay as much as you want. There are seats and restrooms.
Address: Fray Luis Beltran 150, Puerto Iguazú, Argentina / Phone: +54 (3757) 424 081.
It’s open from 3:30 pm to 6:30 pm.
It took more than 30,000 workers eight years to build this 8-km (5-mi) dam, voted one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil EngineersThe monumental structure produces 25% of Brazil’s electricity and 78% of Paraguay’s, and was the largest hydroelectric power plant on Earth until China’s Three Gorges (Yangtze) Dam was completed.
To see more than a view over the spillways, consider the special tours, which take you inside the cavernous structure and includes a visit to the control room. Night tours—which include a light-and-sound show—begin at 8 on Friday and Saturday (reserve ahead).
At the Itaipú’s Ecomuseum you can learn about the geology, archaeology, and efforts to preserve the flora and fauna of the area since the dam was built. Note that it’s founded by the dam’s operator Itaipú Binacional, so information isn’t necessarily objective.
Address: Av. Tancredo Neves 6702, Visitors’ Reception Center, Foz do Iguaçu, Estado de Paraná 85856-970, Brasil / Phone: +55 45 3576-7000.
It’s open from 8 am to 5 pm.
Flamingos, parrots, and toucans are some of the colorful inhabitants of the privately run Parque das Aves.
Right outside the Parque Nacional Foz do Iguaçu, it’s an interesting complement to a visit to the brazilian side of falls. A winding path leads you through untouched tropical forest and walk through aviaries containing hundreds of species of birds. Iguanas, alligators, and other no feathered friends have their own pens.
Address: Av. das Cataratas, 12450 – Vila Yolanda, Foz do Iguaçu – PR, 85855-750 Phone: +55 45 3529-8282.
It’s open everiday from 8:30 am to 5 pm.
This is an ecological project where you will learn how to use plastic bottle to…build a house! Inside you will find: beds made out of bottles, armchairs constructed with tires and all kind of furniture made of reciclable waste. You will be told about the original technique that have already helped to improve the way of living of the inhabitants of the area.
Address: Barrio las Orquideas Mz B lote 7, km 5, Puerto Iguazú, Argentina. Phone: +54 3757 54-2981.
It’s open from 8 am to 7 pm (Summer) and 8.30 am to 6.30 pm (Winter)
In the middle of the jungle and overlooking the river, there is a sanctuary called Nuestra Señora de Iguazú wherean old amphitheatre with a capacity of 7,000 spectators stands. In the center there is a small altar where, on important dates (such as Easter week), an image of Santa María of the Iguazú is placed. In the chapel there is the cross, made from a jungle vine, known as “staircase monkey”. The sanctuary is 2 km from route 12 by kilometer 5 approx, and the entrance is oppossite Guira Oga Garden. You can go by public bus from the Bus station.
Av. Córdoba and Carlos Thays. Tel. +54 3757-422064 – Specializing on fish, elaborate dishes, good selection of wines and good atmosphere, Aqva is one ofthe pearls of Iguazú. You have to try the catfish with dried tomatoes…ñami! We suggest a to make a reservation in advance.
Ristorante La Toscana
Av. Córdoba 454 (3 blocks away from Aqva). Tel. +54 3757-422064–In this cozy restaurant you must try the pastas, specially the tagliatelle and the Speghetti to the Parmesano. Quality food at a good price, what else you need?
El Quincho del Tio Querido
Av. Peron y Caraguatá. Tel. +054-3757-420151–The favorite for Argentines, which might be a good or bad thing, depending on your tastes! It is not a good choice for vegetarians, because they specialize in grilled fish and meat. Every day there is a live music show, but you can also choose to sit in the lounge if you prefer just to chill with friends. It is a good choice to learn about Argentine folklore—The musicians are good and the food abundant, a truly good value.
Parrilla Pizza Color
Av. Cordoba 135. Tel. +054-3757-420206 –A sasual ambiance, and a mixture of pizzas and other dishes. It’s cheaper tahn other restaurants of the area, so it’s frequented by many locals. Service can be slow, we discourage the orderof really elaborated dishes, but pizzas are good and well priced.
Loi Suites Restaurant
Located inside the Hotel Loi Suites. Tel. +054-3757-498300 – Slightly outside of the village, surrounded by the misterious jungle, this beautifully decorated restaurant is full of atmosphere. Located inside the five star hotel, this is the perfect choice for a big night out or a romantic dinner! Enjoy!
Av. Hipólito Irigoyen (inside the Iguazu Jungle Lodge). Tel. +054-3757-420600 (Ext.2). Excellent ambiance, quality of products and waiters expertise. The menu is varied, from cold starters, grill native meat and international gourmet cuisine. A pleasant and tasty experience.
Av. Cordoba 28. Tel. +054-3757-422-531- Pasta, fish and beef are between the choices of a good and extended menu. Although it is not the cheapest, the good quality of the products used worth the price.
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In the town most of the blocks are 100 mts each.
Taxis are cheap and you can deal a price beforehand.
Since Iguazú is one of the most visited places in Argentina, almost nothing closes in holidays, that is when most of people from big cities come here for fun. But, you must consider that in small towns people have the typical “siesta”. So, some shops and supermarkets are closed from 1pm to 4 pm. In Sundays most of them are closed too.
Iguazu Falls is one of the most popular destinations in Latin America. This means that there are a lot of people all year round. If you arrive at the park in the early morning, you will be able to enjoy some quiet hours.
Being a small town health care service is not the best, but you can still find assistance. Most hotels have a list of doctors that can visit you in the area.
Av. República Argentina 277
Tel. +054-3757-420030 (Ext. “zero” for Emergency)
Calling from Iguazu: Pay phones operate with chip cards. You can make either short or long distance calls also from a phone boot. Direct international dial-Up: 00 + country code + area code + number.
Calling Iguazu: The international prefix for Argentina is 54 and for Iguazu is 3757. For example, to reach the number 455-5555 in Iguazu when calling from abroad, dial: 54-3757-455-5555.
Medical Aid: 107
Official time: 113
Fire Department: 100
Duty Free: 03757- 421050
Iguazú Turistic Office: 03757- 420800
Iguazú Airport: 03757-422013
Parque Nacional Iguazú
Route 101, Km 142, Tel. 0800 – 266 – IGUAZU (4482) / +54 (011) 5258-7318
A little basic Spanish goes a long way here and we recommend studying up (at least a tad) on menu translation so that you don’t end up eating the only thing you know how to order all the time. Although the guidebooks say that most Argentineans speak a little English, in Iguazú this is not true.
In a word… simple.
As in most of the world, people from the countryside is more shy and respectful than in big cities. They feel nearer to their neighbors in Paraguay than to Porteños (people from Buenos Aires).
When you visit the Park, is always good to carry extra clothes and a towel. The strength of the waterfalls makes a constant mist! Also sunglasses, hat and sunscreen. It can be very hot during the day. A good repelent can be a great travel mate too!
If you decide to walk all the paths in the Park, at the end of the day you will have walked 7 km, so make sure to wear adequate footwear! Not flip flops!
Always remember the entrance tickets for all national parks in the country are paid in Argentine pesos! You can buy your ticket only at the entrance (cash or credit card Visa or Mastercard). You need to take your Passport with you to pay the correspondant rate (national or foreign). Important! If you would like to return the day after, go to the ticket office to revalidate your ticket and get a 50% off for the second day. People with disabilities have entrance free acces to the park as well as his/her carer (up to one). They only need to present the documents proving of the disability.
Although you are all going to see the falls, it’s always a good idea to keep an eye on the trees. The variety of birds and other animals in the park is much more exciting than you would imagine, although given the number of visitors, the animals are quite shy. You might see woodpeckers, Magpies, and Monkeys. And pay attention, the raccoons can steal your food! So try to keep your bag far from the ground. It is really important not to touch nor feed them since it can be harmful for its health.
Carrying insect repellent on all tours is very important! Have it handy to use after sweating or getting wet.
As a country of beef eaters, Argentina has only a few opportunities to taste fish as good as the Surubi and Pacu. Both are very popular in this area, and highly recommended!
Inside the parks in both countries there are options for lunch but prices are higher than in town, similar to an airport. You can save some money by buying a bottle of water and some snacks at the supermarket the night before.
This part of the country is cheaper than other destinations in Argentina. A way to help the local community, wherever possible, is to buy directly of the Guarani people.
There are several optional excursions inside both parks. The boat trip to go closer to the falls is cheaper on the Argentine side. It runs every 20 minutes and you don’t need reservation. It is highly recommended to do this activity at the end of the day, after having walked paths, since you will get completely soaked! (That’s part of the excitement!)
Check out these Iguazu Falls Tours and ask about what great excursions you can add to your trip!
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The best pictures of the majority of the falls will occur during the morning hours whether from the Argentina or Brazilian side. The sun rises from the Brazilian side and lights up the falls during the morning.
The park on the Argentina side opens at 8:00 a.m. and photographers should be up and ready to embark on their photography adventure. The Brazilian side opens up at 9:00 a.m. and it is a good idea to be there before that.
The Brazilian hillside and rainforest shades photographers as they view the sun light falls across the way.Devil’s throat is best photographed in the afternoon once the sun has risen. If you attempt to view Devil’s Throat in the morning you will find yourself and your camera facing directly into the sun. The park opens at night four evenings a month during the full moon.
This also makes for creative images out over Devil’s Throat—Make sure you take a tripod.
Many of the views of the falls from both the Brazilian and Argentinean sides are engulfed with spray or mist from the falls. Make sure you have protective gear for your equipment. If you do take the boat ride into the falls—they will drive the boat up to where mist starts and stop for you to take pictures. Then they will provide you with water proof bags to store your equipment as they make their way into the falls—Howeveryou will get drenched.
This is not a place the camera goes under your shirt mist—it is a downpour.Learn about more photo tips on our travel blog and become an expert photographer in your trip to Iguazú Falls: “4 Photo tips for Iguazú Falls”
Check out all of our Iguazu Falls tours, and don’t miss out on our Full Moon Itinerary and San Ignacio Jesuit Ruins Excursion!
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Drive from Iguazú south to the ruins of the Jesuit Mission San Ignacio, a UNESCO-World-Cultural Heritage. Rediscovered in 1897, it is one of the best-preserved sites in Argentina. Take a guided walking tour of the mission, built by Jesuit monks in 1632 in their attempt to civilize the local Guarani Indians. It illustrates a unique chapter in Argentina’s colonial past. Visit the famous Wanda Mine and walk trough its tunnelst to find the great variaty of regional precious stones. Duration: full day, available on Wednesday & Saturday.
Enhance your visit to the Argentina side of the Iguazú Waterfalls with an interesting truck ride through the subtropical rain forest discovering the native Flora and Fauna with a knowledgeable guide. Embark on a fun-filled adventure by navigation up under the waterfalls, getting stunning views and a dose of adrenaline. Please note that you will get wet during the ride. We recommend bringing spare clothes with you. Duration: 1 hour (combined with the visit to Argentinean side of the falls). Restrictions: Pregnant women, people with heart problems, neurological or spinal problems are not allow to take this boat trip. Passengers must be at least 12 years old.
Discover a new concept of Eco-tourism and adventure tourism with this activities to experience direct contact with nature. Duration: 4 hrs. approx. with two daily departures at 8:00hs or 14:00hs. Restrictions: Activities restricted for children under 6 years, pregnant women and people with physical disabilities. Excursion activities:
Canoping: Moving between various platforms in the treetops, glide from one tree to another subject of a harness to the steel ropes sighting the incredible vegetation from between 15 and 25 meters high in a distance of 800 meters.
Trekking: Walk by a 900mts distance path through the jungle, recognizing different species of flora (strangling trees, parasitic plants, air carnations, orchids, palmital) and native wildlife.
Rappel: Live the incredible experience of falling rocks in the middle of a waterfall rappelling 15 meters high, assisted constantly by specialized instructors.
Drive along the jungle in the Iguazu National Park on a 4×4 vehicle, interpretating the flora and fauna with its sounds, following the footprints of animals with the guidance of an experimented guide. Embark on kayaks for an unforgettable natigation along the Iguazu River watching the wildlife through fun rapids and having time to enjoy a refreshing swim on an island. Depending on the height of the river a stop at a beach for lunch box and rest is made. Duration: 7-8 hours.
Sail the Parana River to reach the Triple Border of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. The trip starts in the Echaporã Port where you’ll depart heading to Iguazú River, where the triple border was fixed. Enjoy a beautiful ride dicovering the amazing flora of the Banks and enjoy sunset like you’ve never seen before. The trip continues till the Tancredo Neves Bridge where we will join the Tamanduá River and the start sailing back to the port. Duration: 2 hours.
Sport, adventure and relax are the three words to describe this tour. You will depart from the local port and row in your kayak 4 hours down the river till the exclusive Loi Suites floating deck where relax time starts. You will enoy for 1 hour to sunbathe and take pictures at the deck…and even swim if the river conditions permit! Difficuty: moderate. There are two departure shifts during the Summer and only one in Winter. Distance to do with the kayak: 8 km for the roundtrip.
Jump in a tandem parachute from 9-10 feet and get a the most amazing views of the Itaipu Dam, the Triple Border and the Iguazú Falls. You’ll take a 20 minutes flight and then make a 10 minutes free falling accompanied with an expert. This is the first stage of the parachute course.
Yes! There are several in town. There are also ATMs at the entrance to the parks, both Brazilian and Argentine.
Yes. Although it is slower than in larger cities.
There are some call centers at the bus station, in Misiones and Cordoba avenues.
No. (A bit ironic, no?)
Argentina’s unit of currency is the peso, which has held steady at about 39 to 1 against the US dollar (but this rate could change quickly). Notes come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 pesos. Coins come in denominations of 1, 2 pesos and 5, 10, 25, 50 centavos (cents). The $ sign in front of a price is usually used to signify pesos, so this should be the case unless otherwise marked.
Don’t be dismayed if you receive dirty and hopelessly tattered banknotes; they will still be accepted everywhere. However some banks refuse worn or defaced US dollars, so make sure you arrive in Buenos Aires with pristine bills. Casa Piano (a well known exchangehouse) will probably change your older or written-on bills, but they will discount a 3% of the value.
Sadly fake currency has become more common. So look for a clear watermark or running thread on the largest bills, and be especially careful when receiving change in dark nightclubs or taxis. If you hesitate ask to change it for another note.
Due to local restrictions for buying US dollars for locals, if you change money on arrival to Argentina, you have to keep the receipt. In case you want to change your left over pesos on the way back to your country, you will have to show the first receipt.
Open daily from 8 hrs to 13 hrs. Not all the banks change foreign currency however there are many currency exchange shops.
Banks might have longer lines and more limited opening hours but may offer more security regarding fake notes.
There are many Cajeros Automáticos (ATM) in the town, but they dispense just Argentinean currency.
There might be a limit amount per transaction, depending on the bank, but you can always do many transactions in the same ATM.Beware of per-transaction fees. There is also an ATM at the entrance of the National Park, on both sides, Argentina and Brazil.
Many tourist services, larger stores, hotels and restaurants take credit cards such as Visa and MasterCard, especially for big purchases. Be aware, however, that some businesses add a recargo (surcharge) of up to 10% to credit-card purchases; ask ahead of time if this is the case. Some lower-end hotels and private businesses will not accept credit cards, and tips can’t usually be added to credit-card bills at restaurants. We tip in cash and let the money over the table.
Traveler’s checks are very impractical in Argentina, and in Iguazu is almost imposible to change them and definitively impossible to change them at a good rate.
Tipping is not compulsory but it is greatly appreciated throughout South America, especially in the service industry. If you are satisfied with the services provided by your Destination Host, tour guides and drivers, then we recommend rewarding their hard work by tipping. In general, we suggest a tip of around US$20 – 25 a day for guides and US$ 5 -10 for drivers.
When tipping Hotel & Restaurant Staff, tips are generally 10% of the total bill. If you stay a couple of days in the same hotel, a tip of $3–5/day for the maid service is recommended. For porters, US$2-3/time/room is appropriate.
Iguazú has been always a small, safe and relaxed town. But since tourism has grown so much some attacks in hotels have been registered in the last past few years.
You have more chances to be attacked by a raccoon than having a security issue in Iguazú, but still is advisable to be conscious and careful don’t flash any wealth, don’t stagger around drunk, always be aware of your surroundings.
Even imitation jewelry and small items can attract attention and are best left behind. Keep a very firm hold of purses and cameras when out and about, and keep them on your lap in restaurants, not dangling off the back of your chair.
Always remain alert for pickpockets. Try to keep your cash and credit cards in different places, so that if one gets stolen you can fall back on the other. Tickets and other valuables are best left in hotel safes.
And mainly, when you leave the hotel, make sure you closed the windows and door properly, and put the valued in the safe box.
“Northeast Argentina is defined by its water. Muscular rivers roll southward through flat green pastureland that they flood at will, the crashing roar of spectacular waterfalls reverberates through the surrounding jungle, and fragile wetlands support myriad birdlife, snapping caimans and cuddly capybaras. The peaceful Iguazú river, meandering through the tropical forest between Brazil and Argentina, dissolves in fury and power in the world’s most awe-inspiring cataracts – a sensual feast that cannot be missed…” Read more
Composed of over 250 separate cascades, and straddling the border between Argentina and Brazil, the Iguazú Falls (or “Cataratas”, as they are known locally) are quite simply the world’s most dramatic waterfalls. Set among the exotic-looking subtropical forests of Parque Nacional Iguazú in Argentina, and Parque Nacional do Iguaçu in Brazil, the Falls tumble for a couple of kilometres over a complex set of cliffs from the Río Iguazú Superior to the Río Iguazú Inferior below. At their heart is the dizzying Garganta del Diablo, a powerhouse display of natural forces in which 1800 cubic metres of water per second hurtle over a three-kilometre semicircle of rock into the boiling river canyon 70m below.” Read more
“Iguazú consists of some 275 separate waterfalls—in the rainy season there are as many as 350—that plunge more than 200 feet onto the rocks below. They cascade in a deafening roar at a bend in the Iguazú River (Río Iguazú/Rio Iguaçu) where the borders of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay meet. Dense, lush jungle surrounds the falls: here the tropical sun and the omnipresent moisture make the jungle grow at a pace that produces a towering pine tree in two decades instead of the seven it takes in, say, Scandinavia. By the falls and along the roadside, rainbows and butterflies are set off against vast walls of red earth, which is so ubiquitous that eventually even paper currency in the area turns red from exposure to the stuff.
The falls and the lands around them are protected by Brazil’s Parque Nacional do Iguaçu (where the falls go by the Portuguese name of Foz do Iguaçu) and the Argentina’s Parque Nacional Iguazú (where the falls are referred to by their Spanish name, the Cataratas de Iguazú). The Brazilian town of Foz do Iguaçu and the Argentine town of Puerto Iguazú are the hubs for exploring the falls (the Paraguayan town of Ciudad del Este is also nearby).” Read more
“One of the great natural wonders of the world, theIguaçu Falls(Portuguese: Cataratas do Iguaçu, Spanish:Cataratas del Iguazú, Tupi: Y Ûasu “big water”) are situated near the border of Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. The area is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.” Read more
“Any trip to Argentina should include the Iguazú Falls. They’re the biggest falls in South America – half as high again as Niagara – and a spectacular experience. You can get right up close to the water as it gushes down, along paths which enable you to enjoy the natural splendour of their subtropical setting, filled with birdsong and vividly coloured butterflies. In all, there are 275 falls stretching over 2.7 km but the main attraction is the Garganta del Diablo (devil’s throat), where walkways take you right above the falls to see the smooth river transformed in an instant into a seething torrent as the water crashes 74 m over a horseshoe-shaped precipice onto basalt rocks below, filling the air with bright spray and a deafening roar. The whole chasm is filled constantly with billowing clouds of mist in which great dusky swifts miraculously wheel and dart, and an occasional rainbow hovers. Then you can walk close to the bottom of the immensely wide Saltos Bossetti and Dos Hermanos, or take a boat trip, which speeds you beneath the falling water to get a total drenching. Viewed from below, the rush of water is unforgettably beautiful, falling through jungle filled with begonias, orchids, ferns, palms and toucans, flocks of parrots, cacique birds and myriad butterflies. There are some longer trails enabling you to enjoy the diverse flora and fauna in this national park, and several excellent guides on hand whose expertise will considerably add to your pleasure. The whole experience is uplifting, the park itself is clean and well organized, and the area is easily worth at least a couple of days of your itinerary.
Argentina shares the falls with Brazil and you can visit them from either side for two quite different experiences. The Brazilian side has a smaller, more restricted park, and offers a panoramic view from its limited trails but you’re kept at a distance from the falls themselves. If you have to choose just one, go for the Argentine side, where you can get closer to the falls, walk in the jungle and explore the rainforest. Allow at least two days to see both sides, or to return to the park a second time in Argentina (half price if you keep your ticket). “ Read more
En el lenguaje de los habitantes originarios de Iguazú, la palabra significa “agua grande”.
La economía se centra en torno al turismo, dado que muchos hoteles de la ciudad ofrecen la principal fuente de empleos para sus habitantes. Muchos hoteles internacionales han sido y están siendo construidos a lo largo de las orillas del río Iguazú.
Se estima que 80.000 habitantes viven en Puerto Iguazú, y 400.000 en Foz (en el lado brasileño).
En 1542, el explorador español Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca fue el primer europeo en descubrir lo que ahora se llama Cataratas del Iguazú. Se sintió atraído por el ruido del agua, que se puede escuchar a varios kilómetros. Cuando los españoles llegaron en el siglo 16, los indios guaraníes fueron los principales habitantes de la zona. Él estaba navegando el río Iguazú aguas abajo buscando la manera de llegar a Asunción.
En el siglo XVII, las misiones jesuitas llegaron de Europa para comenzar a enseñar la religión católica a los indígenas. Sus primeras aldeas fueron construidas en el norte de Argentina, oeste de Paraguay y sur de Brasil. En el territorio de Argentina, los jesuitas se quedaron en la provincia de Misiones (esta es la razón de su nombre), especialmente alrededor de las cataratas, pero debieron moverse hacia el sur de la provincia, ya que algunos portugueses querían invadirlos y mantener a los guaraníes como esclavos. En 1773 los sacerdotes jesuitas fueron enviados de regreso a Europa. No todas las aldeas fueron destruidas y desesperaron en la selva. Algunos de ellas fueron salvadas y restauradas, para que podamos visitarlos hoy en día, como las de San Ignacio, Santa Ana y Candelaria.
En 1881, la provincia de Corrientes, que en ese momento incluía lo que hoy es Misiones, vendio 50 leguas cuadradas (13.000 kilómetros cuadrados (5.000 millas cuadradas)) en el sitio actual de Puerto Iguazú, cerca de las cataratas. La tierra cambió de manos tres veces en el transcurso de sólo dos años, y terminó como propiedad de Gregorio Lezama. En ese momento Misiones separado de Corrientes. Lezama financió una expedición científica para explorar el territorio, alisto a Carlos Bosetti y Jordan Hummel para ese propósito. Esos dos exploradores más tarde organizaron el primer viaje turístico a las cataratas. En 1888 Lezama también vendió la tierra, esta vez a Martín Errecaborde y compañía.
Alrededor de 1910 el Gobierno Nacional (ayudado por Francisco Moreno y Carlos Thays) confiscó los campos para crear el Parque Nacional.